The elbow and forearm form a functional unit whose primary role is to accurately position the hand in space. viewÂ
An elbow contusion results from blunt direct trauma and produces muscle strains and ligament sprains. view
Fractures about the elbow are the result of high energy injuries. view
Compartment syndrome in all extremities is an orthopedic emergency. view
Wounds occurring in the forearm and elbow must be treated as an emergency because the risk of infection if left open increases about 7 hours after an injury has occurred. view
Arthritis in the elbow can occur after an injury (post-traumatic arthritis), congenital lack of blood supply to the bone causing flaking off of the cartilage called Osteochondritis Dessicans. view
Cubital tunnel syndrome is the compression of the ulnar nerve at the level of the elbow. view
Pronator syndrome is the compression of the median nerve around the elbow and palmar side of the forearm. Because it is the same nerve that causes carpal tunnel syndrome, there is overlap in the symptoms making the diagnosis difficult, at times. view
Radial tunnel syndrome and posterior Interosseous Nerve palsy are both a result of compression of the Posterior interosseous nerve with a more severe compression occurring in posterior interosseous nerve palsy. view
Lateral epicondyltis also called tennis elbow and medial epicondylitis called golfers elbow is a condition affecting the forearm musclesâ€™ on the humeral bone at the elbow called the lateral and medial epicondylitis respectively. view
The cause of a stiff elbow is either at the bony level or the collagen capsule/ligament level or both. view
The elbow, like the shoulder is well perfused with ample blood supply allowing for circulating white blood cells to offer excellent protection against infection and, consequently an elbow infection is uncommon. view
Tumors are divided into benign and malignant types. A benign tumor is an abnormal growth of a particular cell type presenting as a mass. view
Types of Tumors
Benign Tumor is an abnormal growth of a particular cell type presenting as a mass. The benign tumor is normally excised when the size of the mass is large enough to put pressure on the surrounding tissue and cause pain, or when the mass is cosmetically unsightly.
Malignant Tumors bear the common name of â€œcancer.â€ These are tumors that divide aggressively and destroy the tissue planes around them. They eventually metastasize or travel to other parts of the body.
The only tumors treated at ROC about the elbow are benign tumors.
Malignant tumors about the elbow are referred to MD Anderson because of their expertise and success in handling malignant tumors with a team approach and because of their proximity to our office.
Benign tumors about the elbow are treated by simple excision.
If tumor excision requires deep dissection to the joint, therapy after surgery to avoid an elbow contracture is often used.
Most benign soft tissue tumors excised about the elbow have full return of elbow function within four weeks of surgery.