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FOOT & ANKLE

Foot & Ankle Anatomy

The tibia, fibula and talus meet to form a complex hinge that does move to a mild degree towards the inside and outside, as well as rotates clockwise and counter-clockwise. view 

Foot & Ankle Sprains

A foot/ankle sprain s an injury which a ligament around the foot/ankle gets stretched or the ligament can be partially or completely torn.  view

Foot and Ankle Fractures/Dislocations

These fractures usually occur from a fall or a twisting injury and may or may not be associated with an ankle dislocation. view 

Foot and Ankle Tendon Disorders

The common tendon disorders about the foot/ankle include bursitis, tendonitis, and tendon tears.   view 

TENDON DISORDERS

Pathology

Ankle fractures/dislocations can occur in young or older patients. These fractures usually occur from a fall or a twisting injury and may or may not be associated with an ankle dislocation. There are two bones in the leg that may break in an ankle fracture. Depending on how bad the injury is, one or both of these bones can break. X-rays show the break, its location, pattern, and any dislocation that may have occurred. A physical examination is important to check for injuries to other structures, such as muscles, tendons, and nerves.

Foot fractures/dislocations can occur in young or older patients. These fractures usually occur from a fall or a twisting injury, but can also occur from sports-related injuries and may or may not be associated with a foot dislocation. Depending on how bad the injury is, one or multiple bones in the foot can break and/or dislocate. X-rays show the break, its location, pattern and any dislocation that may have occurred. A physical examination is important to check for injuries to other structures, such as muscles, tendons, and nerves.

 

Treatment

Fractures of the ankle can be incomplete fractures and the bones do not move out of place too much. When this is the case, these fractures can be treated in a splint, cast, or a walking boot. When these fractures are complete, if the bones have moved around, and/or there has been an ankle dislocation, the ankle needs to be put back in place and surgery is often required. Surgery ensures that the bones are aligned in the correct position to prevent the early development of ankle arthritis. This surgery is done through small incisions and the bones are fixed in place with plates and screws. Therapists work with the patient after surgery to work on motion of the foot and ankle, and to begin walking again. Once the fracture is healed, most patients are able to return to their usual activities.

Fractures of the foot can be incomplete fractures and the bones do not move out of place too much. When this is the case, these fractures can be treated in a splint, cast, or a walking boot. When these fractures are complete, if the bones have moved around, and/or there has been a dislocation of the bones in the foot, surgery is required to put the bones back in place. Surgery ensures that the bones are aligned in the correct position. This surgery is done through small incisions and the bones are fixed in place with plates and/or screws. Therapists work with the patient after surgery to work on motion of the foot and ankle, and to begin walking again. Once the fracture is healed, most patients are able to return to their usual activities.