SHOULDER

Anatomy

The shoulder joint is the second largest and most mobile joint in the human body and can be easily understood if divided into three layers. view 

Shoulder Contusion

Trauma is the term used to describe injury. Trauma is classified by its severity depending on the amount of force used to cause the injury. view 

Shoulder Fractures

Shoulder Fractures or breaks in the shoulder can occur in the humeral bone, collar bone or the in shoulder blade.  view

Shoulder Dislocations

A shoulder dislocation is classified according to the direction of the dislocation (Anterior, posterior or multi-directional), the amount of force it took to dislocate the shoulder (Traumatic or Atraumatic), and whether it is accompanied by a fracture (fracture dislocation).  view 

Shoulder Arthiritis

Shoulder Arthritis is the loss of the cartilage cushion in the joint surfaces (blue section) that allows the smooth pain free gliding required during shoulder motion. view

Shoulder Nerve Compression Syndromes

Nerve compression syndromes are normally found in adults of all ages and it is rare to find nerve compression syndromes in patients younger than 20 years of age.  view 

Shoulder Tendon Disorders

Shoulder pain is the most common presenting shoulder complaint in an orthopedic practice.  view 

Shoulder Infection

The shoulder is one of the most well perfused areas of the human body and because of this ample blood supply to the shoulder which carries circulating white blood cells, offers excellent protection against infection, consequently making a shoulder infection a rare occurrence.  view 

Frozen Shoulder

A Frozen shoulder also called adhesive capsulitis is a condition presenting with shoulder stiffness and severe shoulder pain when shoulder motion is initiated. view 

Shoulder Tumor

Tumors are divided into benign and malignant types.  view 

SHOULDER TUMOR

Types of Tumors

Benign   An abnormal growth of a cell type localized to a certain part of the body

Malignant – These bear the common name of “cancer;” tumors that divide aggressively and destroy the tissue planes around them. They eventually metastasize, or travel, to other parts of the body

ROC will only treat benign tumors. Benign tumors are usually lipomas, or fatty tumors causing symptoms due to their large size. Another cause can be articular cysts, which are discussed in the section on nerve compression syndromes of the shoulder. These cysts are treated both open and arthroscopically.

Malignant tumors about the shoulder are referred to MD Anderson because of their expertise and success in handling malignant tumors with a team approach and because of their proximity to our office in Houston.